Internet Protocol (IP) is a routing protocol that determines how data is transmitted over a computer network. The term “IP” refers to internet protocol, an application layer on top of the traditional IP telephone service. Internet Protocols allow the user to select a path within a computer network which is called an IP routed path. In general, IPs provide reliable and fast communication over networks. There are several benefits of IP networking over traditional methods of computer network communications:
IPs are the most widely used standard in Internet communication. The Internet Protocol can be represented in binary or numeric form as a series of numbers that identifies the IP on a circuit. The IP is a simple datagram sent by a receiving host over an Internet connection. An IP datum is a compact representation of the IP address. The protocol that governs how IPs are transmitted and received on the network is called IP networking.
TCP is an internet protocol that controls the transport of small packets over a broad area network. A client PC sends a request (an IP datum) to a TCP server in order to send a request for data over an IP network. The TCP server then determines how to best answer the request, and once done, passes the request on to an application layer of the network (ASP). At this point, the application layer passes the data on to the receiving end, which can then give the datum back to the client PC.
Every time an IP client requests information over the internet, an IP datum is generated, stored, negotiated and sent over an IP network. There are four basic Internet Protocol (IP) layers; TCP, Sockets, transports and header. The IP layer actually controls the way how data is transferred. The major component of an IP packet is the destination address, which is also referred to as the IP address in graphical terms. Next, there is an internet protocol sublayer which deals with the details of the data being transferred, as well as the application layer which deals with the actual protocols implemented on the user’s computer.
The four layers mentioned here – TCP, Sockets, transports and header – have different purposes, but play an important role in IP networking. Each layer handles a distinct part of an IP datagram. For example, the IP datagram may start out as a TCP connection or vice versa. There are differences between the source IP-address and destination IP-address. The source IP-address is used to establish connections to other computers, while the destination IP-address is used to send data back and forth between two computers.
In order to send a packet over a long distance, it is necessary to combine several protocols. The most common combination is TCP/IP. This type of combination generally refers to an IP-based datagram service and an IP-based packet transmission. A good example of a TCP-IP datagram service is a local area network (LAN), where each computer connected to the same network uses its own private TCP segments. These segments establish a communication path between these computers. After the initial data have been sent, the IP protocol can be used for data packets with destination ranges outside of the LAN.